Chief of the General Department (1952–1960); Head of the Institute (1960–1966) Institute years: 1942-1968 1910 Born on June 20th in St. Petersburg. Father a professor at St. Petersburg University. 1922 Moves with his father to Czechoslovakia, whilst his mother remains in Petrograd. 1927 Enrols in the Law Faculty of Charles University, Prague. 1929 Enrols at the Russian People's University, Prague. 1931 Graduates from the historical-philological faculty of the Russian People's University, Prague. Starts to cooperate with the Soviet intelligence service. Spends ten years on classified projects regarding Soviet state secrets in Britain, Germany, Italy, Finland and France, including diplomatic ciphers, data on new technologies and models of weapons. 1934 Defends thesis on the topic ‘The axiological perception of the normative theory of law’ at Charles University, Prague. Receives Doctorate of Law. 1935 Studies at the Berlin University of the Arts. 1936 Visits France during artistic studies. Reports on war in Spain. Conducts an operation for the evacuation of Spanish children to the USSR. 1938 Returns to the Soviet Union; starts work at the Research Institute of Leningrad University under the leadership of Ukhtomskii. Publishes a series of essays on the lives of workers in capitalist countries and the struggle against the capitalist mode of progressive Western artists and writers. 1940 Becomes a member of the Writers' Union. 1941 Remains in the city during the Siege of Leningrad. Participates in research into traumatic shock in wartime. Defends his thesis on ‘The transformation of man-made energy and the dominant principle.’ 1942 Moves to Moscow following the death of his supervisor, Ukhtomskii. Joins the CPSU (b). Begins to work at the Institute. Administrative head of Dau’s secret laboratory in Novosibirsk. Marries. 1943 A son, Vasily, is born. 1944 A daughter, Elena, is born. 1948 Widowed. 1951 Ends role at Dau’s secret laboratory in Novosibirsk. 1952 Appointed Head of the General Department of the Institute. Participates in research for Dau’s secret project in Molotov. 1958 Supreme Deputy of the USSR. 1960 Appointed Director of the Institute. 1968 Forced to resign from the post of Director of the Institute on September 9th. No data available after 1968. Awards and honours Lenin Prize Order of Red Banner. Order of the Badge of Honour. Stalin Prize. Medal for the Defence of Leningrad. Medal for Labour.